References

References

  1. Pizzo PA, Clark NM. Alleviating Suffering 101—Pain Relief in the United States. N Engl J Med 2012;366:197-199. Also: Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education. Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press; 2011. (Hereinafter "IOM report")
  2. IOM report, at 1.
  3. American Diabetes Association. American Diabetes Association Website. Statistics About Diabetes. http://is.gd/onMMdm. Published June 10, 2014. Also: Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011;123:e18-e209. Also: American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society Website. Cancer Prevalence: How Many People Have Cancer? http://is.gd/Ocamav. Updated May 20, 2014.
  4. National Center for Health Statistics. Special Feature: Pain. Health, United States, 2006 With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans. http://is.gd/uQt9en. Published 2006.
  5. IOM report at 3.
  6. IOM report at 145.
  7. IOM report at 8.
  8. IOM report at 6 and at 65.
  9. The Neuropathy Association. The Neuropathy Association Website. About Peripheral Neuropathy: Awareness and Attention. http://is.gd/iI9l2b.
  10. Barrow K. Pain, Persistence, Family: Sickle Cell Disease. New York Times (New York Ed.). March 7, 2011: http://is.gd/agI1TP.
  11. National Fibromyalgia Association. National Fibromyalgia Association Website. Newly Diagnosed Patient. http://is.gd/XquPPy.
  12. Underwood A. Getting to the Roots of Fibromyalgia Pain. New York Times. September 23, 2009. http://is.gd/fgWiq3.
  13. National Fibromyalgia Association. National Fibromyalgia Association Website. Physical Gains Despite the Pain. July 5, 2005. http://www.fmaware.org/new-diagnosed-patients.html.
  14. American Chronic Pain Association. American Chronic Pain Association Website. Pain Management Programs. http://is.gd/mwcOgg.
  15. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Pub. L. No. 111-148, §4305(b) (2010).
  16. For example, Mallinckrodt, with the help of third parties, has offered patient assistance programs to improve access to its branded pain medications for patients who otherwise could not afford them.
  17. White House Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2011 National Drug Control Strategy. http://is.gd/NVohdr. Published 2011.
  18. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Guidance for Industry: Abuse-Deterrent Opioids — Evaluation and Labeling. http://is.gd/WKadvl. Published January 2013.
  19. See id. at 2.